As an individual who has participated in INEC activities before, I have decided to put this article together to help the participants who are going to serve as the 2019 General Election Adhoc staff know what they will be facing during Election. So, I have compiled these questions and answer for you to prepare ahead of any possible questions that INEC may ask after your three days Adhoc training. Below are some questions to practice with:
1.) What is voters accreditation?
Answer: Voters accreditation is the process of verifying voters permanent voter card with card readers and to ensure that his/her name appear on the register of voters in a particular polling unit where he/she register to vote in an election.
2.) What is card reader use for?
Answer: The card reader is used to verify the bio-metrics of the voter, thereby check mating all forms of impersonation by voters.
3.) What is ballot paper
Answer: A ballot paper is a paper used to cast votes in an election
4.) What is the different between accreditation and voting?
Answer: Accreditation is when a voter has been verify and attested that he/she is qualify to vote during election while Voting is when a voter has been accredited and allow to cast his/her vote on the ballot paper and successfully drop the ballot paper in the ballot box.
5.) Who is a voter?
Answer: A Voter is a Nigeria citizen who is 18 years and above, registered in the constituency where he intends to vote and have obtained his/her registration card.
6.) Venue where voting takes place is called?
7.) Where is a voter expected to cast his vote?
Answer: A voter is expected to cast his vote at the polling unit where his name is on the voter register.
8.) How does a voter identify is polling unit?
Answer: A voter is expected to identify his polling unit where his name is on the voter register and it should be a polling unit nearest to the resident of the voter.
9.) What system of voting will be use in 2019 General Election?
Answer: Open secret ballot system
10.) Between PO and APO who is expected to explain the voting procedure to voters before voting begin?
Answer: Presiding Officer (PO)
11.) Who is Supposed to count the number of voters in the queue and record the number during Election?Answer: Presiding Officer (PO)
12.) At what moment should a voter be offered ballot paper during Election?
Answer: After the voter has been accredited and ok to vote
13.) Which of the following is not an Offence on Election day?
(a) Canvass for votes;
(b) Solicit for the vote of any voter
(c) Persuade any voter not to vote for any particular candidate;
(d) Persuade any voter not to vote at any election;
(e) Shout slogans concerning the election;
(f) Be in possession of any offensive weapon or wear any dress or have any facial or other decoration which in any event is calculated to intimidate voters;
(g) Exhibit, wear or tender any notice. symbol photograph or party card referring to the election;
(h) Use any vehicle bearing the colour or symbol of a political party by any means whatever;
(i) Loiter without lawful excuse after voting or after being refused to vote;
j) Snatch or destroy any election materials; and
(k) Maintaining law and order at the polling unit
ANSWER: (k) Maintaining law and order at the polling unit
14.) What is the punishment giving to a person who committed Election Offences during Election?
Answer: Any person who commit offence during Election shall be liable on conviction to a fine of 100,000 or imprisonment for 6 months for every offence committed.
15.) Who are Election Officials?
Answer: Election Officials are different categories of stakeholders who are involved in Election activities.
16.) Name the different categories of Election Stakeholders who are involve in an Election?
Answer: a. Election official b. The contestant c. accredited polling or party agents d. Security agents e. accredited journalist f. foreign and domestic observers g. Voters
17.)What is the full meaning of these Election officials REC, EO, RO, COs, SPO, PO, APO?
REC Means Residential Electoral Commission
EO Means Electoral Officer
RO means Returning Officer
COs means Collation Officer
SPO means Supervisory Presiding Officer
PO means Presiding Officer
APO means Assistant Presiding Officer
18) Duties of the Presiding Officer (PO)
PO Is in-charge of all activities at the polling Unit on Election day including accreditation, voting, Sorting, Counting of voted as well as the announcement of election results.
a) Takes delivery of and inspects all materials and equipment for election from the Supervisory presiding officer and ensures their security, particularly the sensitive materials, such as the ballot papers and result forms.
b) Must be at the Polling Unit early (at least one hour before the official commencement of accreditation) to set up the Polling Unit.
c) Coordinates activities in the voting points under his supervision; d) Conducts voter education ahead of Accreditation and Voting.
e) Returns all election materials, other than the Result Sheets and the Card Reader, to the SPO for delivery to the EO after elections.
f) Delivers the completed Result Sheets and Card Reader to the RACO
g) Reports any security incident to the Security Agents at the Polling Unit and, where necessary, invites the Police or Security Agents to maintain order, keep the peace or arrest any person committing an offence;
h) Documents adverse incidents, using incident report form and informs the appropriate authority and persons;
19) Duties of Assistant Presiding officer (APO)a) Works under the supervision of the PO/APO (VP).
b) Assists with collection of materials from the SPO.
c) Ensures that voter deposits thumb-printed ballot paper(s) into the appropriate ballot box.
d) Assists with the return of election materials to the SPO.
e) Authenticates and verifies the voter using the Card Reader;
f) Disaggregates statistics such as gender and others using the appropriate form.
20) At 8:00 am, the Presiding Officer shall?
Answer: introduce the poll officials and polling agents present, and explain the accreditation procedure